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“會三歸一”與“開權顯實”——《法華經》中的“宗教對話”思想及其在天臺宗中的運用

"To Unite the Three Vehicles in One" and "to Explore the Temporary Teaching of the Three Vehicles and Reveal the Final Truth":On the Concept of "Religious Dialogue" in the Lotus Sutra and Its Practice in Tiantai School

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【作者】 陳堅

【Author】 CHEN Jian (Research Center of Judaism and Transreligious Studies,Shandong University,Jinan 250100,China)

【機構】 山東大學猶太教與跨宗教研究中心

【摘要】 "宗教對話"是當代宗教界和宗教學界的時髦話題,這個話題原本是在基督宗教的主導下提出來的,但后來也得到了其他宗教的響應。不過,"宗教對話"本身并非是什么新事物,印度佛教在公元一世紀發展到大乘佛教時便主張"宗教對話",而以大乘佛教為基礎的中國佛教在"宗教對話"的思想和實踐上更是達到了登峰造極的地步。本文分析了大乘佛教經典《法華經》中的"會三歸一"、"開權顯實"的"宗教對話"思想以及依據《法華經》而成立的天臺宗調和大小乘以及會通儒佛的"宗教對話"理論和實踐。基督宗教的"宗教對話"思想是應景的、外置的,因為《圣經》中并沒有什么"宗教對話"思想,而大乘佛教的"宗教對話"思想則是內在于佛經因而就是佛教教義本身。

【Abstract】 The"religious dialogue",initiated by Christianity and joined by other religions,is a much discussed topic among religious circles and scholars.Nevertheless,the concept of religious dialogue itself is not something new since the Mahayana school of the Indian Buddhism began to advocate religious dialogue in the first century while the Chinese Buddhist schools originated from the Mahayana school reached the peak of perfection of religious dialogue both in theory and praxis.The paper makes an analysis of such concepts of religious dialogue as"uniting the three vehicles in one"and"exploring the temporary teaching of the three vehicles and reveal the final truth"in the Lotus Sutra and the theory and praxis of the Tiantai school in reconciling the Mahayana and Hinayana schools or Buddhism and Confucianism.The thesis contends that the religious dialogue put forward by Christianity is occasional and extrinsic since there is not such an idea in the Bible while the Mahayana dialogue is intrinsic to the Buddhist scriptures and is what Buddhism promotes.

【基金】 教育部人文社會科學重點研究基地項目“宗教比較與對話”(04JJD730001)
  • 【文獻出處】 蘭州大學學報(社會科學版) ,Journal of Lanzhou University(Social Sciences) , 編輯部郵箱 ,2009年06期
  • 【分類號】B948
  • 【下載頻次】648
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