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現代社會的眾緣和合

Various Causes and Harmony in Modern Society

【作者】 鄧子美

【Author】 DENG Zi-mei(Institute of Religion and Sociology,Jiangnan University,Wuxi 214122,China)

【機構】 江南大學宗教社會學研究所

【摘要】 佛教與印度其他宗教的根本區別所在,佛教獨創的核心理念就在緣起論。依緣起論觀察社會,就形成了佛教獨特的眾緣和合社會觀。當然,這一社會觀中也滲透著佛教"無常"、"無我"、"涅槃寂靜"①的終極指向,正因無常,即社會總的來說處于不斷的變遷之中;無我,社會的各組成部分都不能執于自我,各因緣才能協調、互助、達致和合,相對的社會穩定向上才能保持。由于構成現代社會的因緣有變,因此相對于傳統社會,其和合的內容、方式與相互關系都在調整改變之中。文章從現代社會家庭、社會組織、社會階層的和合,現代僧團與佛教信眾的和合,法律與政治秩序的和諧三方面作比較,簡要論述了其與傳統社會的異同。

【Abstract】 The fundamental difference between the Buddhism and other religions of Indian is the Origin theory,which is also the original core idea of the Buddhism.Observing the society in this theory has formed the unique social view of the Buddhism.Certainly,this social view is also seeping the Buddhism’s ultimate directions,for example,the Variable,the Altruism and the Nirvana is silent.The Variable,that is,the society is in the unceasing vicissitude.The Altruism,that is,each constituent of the society cannot hold in.Because of the Variable and the Altruism,various causes can coordinate and cooperate and the relative social stability can maintain.Relative to the traditional society,the causes which consist of modern society have been changing,therefore,the content,the way and the relationship in modern society are changing and rearranging too.By making a comparison among the gathering of modern families,social organizations,social classes,the gathering of modern monk groups and the Buddhism believers and the harmony of laws and political orders,this article elaborates on similarities and differences between modern and traditional societies

  • 【文獻出處】 江南大學學報(人文社會科學版) ,Journal of Jiangnan University(Humanities & Social Sciences Edition) , 編輯部郵箱 ,2008年05期
  • 【分類號】B948
  • 【下載頻次】106
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