節點文獻

“多少樓臺煙雨中”——從杜牧詩看自然之道中的歷史感

Thousands of Pavilions in the Foggy Rain: Reading Historical Awareness in Natural Law through Du Mu’s Poems

【作者】 鄺龑子

【Author】 Kuang Yanzi;

【機構】 香港嶺南大學文學院中文系

【摘要】 唐代喜歡詠史懷古的詩人很多,杜牧可以算是其中的佼佼者。杜牧詩中涉及詠史懷古主題的篇什,呈現出不同層次的歷史感;對國計民生的關心及希望以古訓今的情思,是他和歷代懷著社會理想的詩人相通之處。然杜牧詩中的歷史感更深刻之處,在于他能領悟歷史過程偶然和不測的一面,進而神思方外,從歷史范圍外觀照歷史,顯示出它在自然宇宙中短暫、微小和渺茫的性質。詩人轉念于人間興衰和自然運化之際,往復于入世、出世與關切、淡泊之間,體會到置身于無涯無盡時空里的人間歷史,其輪廓和意義都不再清晰確定。這種如暗霧椏枝、遙空過鳥、煙雨樓臺的精神和藝術視象,同時有別于儒家入世和道家出世的歷史哲學觀,是詩人超越而透視性的歷史感最獨特同時也最易被忽略的地方,隱然有自成一家的意味。

【Abstract】 Poets in Tang Dynasty who liked to sing of history are not small in number, and Du Mu can be among the best of them. Du Mu’s poems that sing nostalgically of history show various degrees of historical awareness. His concern about the welfare of the nation and his wish for his readers to learn from history are identical with those poets throughout history who entertained a certain ideal for the society they lived in. However, the historical awareness in Du Mu’s poems is profounder. This is especially true in the sense that Du Mu could tell the accidental and unpredictable aspects of history. He would then look at history from a position beyond the scope of history and show the transient, insignificant, and disoriented nature of human history within the cosmos. His mind often shuttled between the vicissitudes of human world and nature’s changing course, between his sense of social commitment and his sense of detachment from human world, and between his care about and indifference to earthly reputation. He realised that the contour and meaning of human history could not be clearly defined when human history was posited against the limitlessness of space and time. His poetic images, like the branches hazed by the dim fog, birds in the remote sky, and the pavilions in the foggy rain, together with their connotations are different both from Confucian belief in social commitment and from Taoistic inclination to leave the world behind. These images body forth the poet’s transcending and penetrating views of history,which, though often overlooked, are what make the poet a master of his own school.

【關鍵詞】 詠史懷古歷史感自然之道絕句
【Key words】 Singing of HistoryAwareness of HistoryNatural LawQuatrains
  • 【文獻出處】 南開學報(哲學社會科學版) ,Nankai Journal(Philosophy,Literature and Social Science Edition) , 編輯部郵箱 ,2016年05期
  • 【分類號】I207.22
  • 【下載頻次】400
節點文獻中: 

本文鏈接的文獻網絡圖示:

本文的引文網絡
网页聊天
live chat
在线营销
live chat