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“原鄉”書寫與糾葛:李永平小說論

"Homeland" Writing and Entanglements: a Study on Li Yongping’s Novels

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【作者】 鄒秀子

【導師】 王列耀

【作者基本信息】 暨南大學, 中國現當代文學, 2014, 碩士

【摘要】 在臺馬華作家因其豐富的流寓經歷使得他們的原鄉不同于一般華人作家的原鄉(以往海外華人作家的原鄉不是理所當然的指涉神州中國就是背井離家后的故園舊家)。李永平作為在臺馬華作家的杰出代表,他的小說是原鄉研究的活教材,“原鄉”的內涵也因為其獨特的經歷而有所變化。筆者在以往原鄉書寫的研究基礎之上,對“原鄉”的定義稍作拓寬,本論文的“原鄉”包含三個維度:第一個維度是文化母體的原鄉(中國),其次是文學母體的原鄉(臺灣),最后是作為生命母體的原鄉(婆羅洲)。筆者以李永平的“原鄉”書寫為研究對象,探究“原鄉”書寫背后的發生動機、表現形式、文學旨趣。本論文主要有四部分內容:第一部分主要梳理在臺馬華作家的流寓經歷,從原鄉經驗的代際變遷、在臺馬華作家的雙重邊緣處境這兩個方面勾勒出流寓經歷的歷史文化背景,并在第三節中簡要分析在臺馬華作家因其特殊處境造成獨特的文學特色;第二部分從“吉陵幻象”與李永平的內在追尋、臺灣書寫與李永平的都市反思、婆羅洲書寫與李永平的生命溯源這三個維度來具體闡釋李永平的“原鄉”書寫;第三部分主要解決“原鄉”書寫如何糾葛的問題,從多維度的“原鄉”與認同的復雜、邊緣及游蕩這兩個角度來闡明;第四部分主要探討“原鄉”糾葛與小說內在張力之間的關系,也就是糾葛之后導致了什么樣的結果?造成了小說什么樣的特色?這里從流動的位置與漫游的特質、無根之患與文學返鄉這兩個視角來闡述。

【Abstract】 Due to the rich experiences of dwelling abroad, the understanding of Homelandof Malaysian-Chinese writers in Taiwan (MCA for short) is different from that of themainland Chinese writers. Li Yongping, as an outstanding representative of MCA, haswritten various novels as the animated textbooks to explain the sense Homeland,which varies gradually for these writers’ unique experiences. The author broadens thesense of Homeland slightly according to the previous study about Homeland in hismasterpieces. Therefore, this thesis has elaborated the concept of Homeland fromthree dimensions: the cultural matrix of the original township (China), the literarymother homeland (Taiwan), and the mother’s life as a homeland (Borneo). Based onthe corpus of Li Yongping’s novels about " Homeland ", the author aims to figuringout the his motivation of creation, the approaches that he adopts to express hisunderstanding of “Homeland”, and literary purport.This thesis is composed of four chapters. The chapter one mainly describes theexperiences of dwelling abroad of MCA by means of revealing the historical andcultural background from two perspectives---the changes of the sense of Homelandbetween generations and the dual marginal situations of the MCA; additionally, thethird quarter briefly introduces the unique literary features of theses masterpieces. Thesecond chapter further explains the Li yongping’s creation about “Homeland” fromthe perspectives of "Ji Ling illusion" and Li Yongping inner quest, the writing aboutHomeland of MCA and Li Yongping’s reflection of the modern urban, Borneo writingand Li Yongping’s seeking of original life. The third part is to solve the problems ofhow to accurately define "Homeland" from the point of multi-dimensional Homelandand self-identity, edge and hesitation. The fourth part focuses on the discussion onrelationships between the emotional entanglements of “homeland” and the inherenttension in fictions, that is the result of emotional entanglements of Homeland and theunique novel features. This thesis answers the questions by revealing the purposes offlowing location, roaming and the Homeland returning of literature.

  • 【網絡出版投稿人】 暨南大學
  • 【網絡出版年期】2015年 03期
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