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略論中國佛教與人文精神

A Brief Comment on Chinese Buddhism and the Spirit of Humanism

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【作者】 張家成

【Author】 ZHANG Jia-cheng (Department of Philosophy, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028, China)

【機構】 浙江大學哲學系!浙江杭州310028

【摘要】 佛教作為世界三大宗教之一 ,與其他任何宗教一樣 ,其宗旨是追求出世解脫 ,是與人文精神相對立的。然而佛教自傳入中國內地之后 ,通過與中國本土的儒道思想及中國社會生活相結合 ,逐漸中國化。而中國化的佛教的一個重要特征便是其鮮明的入世精神。通過辨析“中國佛教”與“人文精神”這兩個概念 ,通過中國佛教 (尤其是禪宗 )與印度原始佛教 ,傳統佛教與中國儒、道文化的異同比較 ,從佛性與人性、出世與入世、理想與現實等方面可發現中國佛教與人文精神有著密切關系 ,中國佛教有既出世又入世的思想性格 ,這將為當代中國佛教的現代化提供有益的啟示

【Abstract】 Like any other religions, The tenet of Buddhism which is one of the big three religions in the world is in pursuit of standing aloof from worldly affairs, and is opposite to humanism. But when it was imported into China and combined with Chinese vulgar culture of Confucianism, Taoism and social life, it gradually got Chino\|nationalization .The important character of Chinese Buddhism is its vivid agreement with worldly affairs. This paper first analyzed the two concepts of \!Chinese Buddhism\" and \!the spirit of humanism\", comparing Chinese Buddhism with the original Buddhism, Buddhism with Chinese vulgar culture of Confucianism, Taoism; then expatiated on the close relation between \!Chinese Buddhism\" and \!the spirit of humanism\" in the aspect of the nature of Buddhism and human nature、 standing aloof from worldly affairs and agreement with worldly affairs, ideality and reality, in order to clarify the idealistic character of Chinese Buddhism, and thus to provide the useful revelation for the modernization of the present Chinese Buddhism.

  • 【文獻出處】 浙江大學學報(人文社會科學版) ,Journal of Zhejiang University(Humanities and Social Sciences) , 編輯部郵箱 ,2001年03期
  • 【分類號】B948
  • 【下載頻次】1134
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